Latest International economic and market outlook.
In the US, House and Senate Republicans reconciled differences on the tax reform plan and approved a new version in late December, handing President Trump his first major legislative achievement. Tax cuts for corporations and individuals should provide a modest lift to consumer spending and business investment in 2018. This fiscal boost will come at a time when growth momentum is already robust, with the economy operating at full employment and above long-term potential. However, with inflation still below target, we continue to expect the Fed to maintain its gradual pace of monetary tightening in 2018.
Eurozone manufacturers recently reported their best month on record, suggesting that conditions across the continent ended the year in their healthiest state since before the single currency was established. The recovery should continue to strengthen in 2018, partly due to French labour market reforms that will help to spur growth in the region’s second-largest economy. With the recovery becoming more entrenched, the ECB may choose to end its quantitative easing programme of mass bond buying later this year. However, Eurozone inflation is still weak, meaning monetary policy should remain accommodative, with interest rate hikes highly unlikely before 2019.
Japan’s economy continues to perform well as strong global demand propels demand for the country’s goods. This is helping to support manufacturing activity, as highlighted by December’s PMI figure, which hit a 46-month high. Investment is also benefiting from resilient global growth, with Japanese business confidence recently climbing to an 11-year high. However, private consumption will likely remain constrained unless wage growth can accelerate. To facilitate this, the government unveiled a plan to lower taxes for firms that increase wages by 3%. The success of this initiative remains to be seen, however, as the tax relief will be only for three years, potentially discouraging businesses from pushing up wages.
Economic momentum in China appears to be losing some steam as we head into 2018, with investment growth and industrial production both weakening recently. Some of the weakness may be due to special factors such as the conclusion of the latest Party Congress. However, the Chinese economy’s slow-but-steady deceleration will likely continue in 2018 amid reforms aimed at curbing the negative externalities of past expansion. Such measures include a stricter environmental policy and tighter regulation in the property market to contain financial risks, both of which will likely exert downward pressure on growth this year.
The global macro backdrop remains supportive for equities. Perhaps the main risk to the ‘Goldilocks’ scenario of accelerating global growth and relatively easy monetary policy is that US inflation rises faster than expected, prompting the Fed to hike rates more rapidly. We remain cognisant of this risk, but still believe that maintaining a cyclical tilt is right at this stage in the cycle.
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